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Corruption in South Asia: Case study of Nepal and India

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~Suvekshya Pudasaini,

Institute of International Relations

 

 

Introduction


Background


Corruption is defined as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain which hurts everyone who depends on the integrity of people in a position of authority. This definition is given by Transparency International. This definition explains that if any person misuses their power for his/her private gain when he/she is in an authoritative position then it hurts those people who have trusted them and given them a position which they holds now. Like this definition different other organization has also defines corruption as it is really difficult to define in a simple and a direct way as it is the most complex term as well. It is really hard for us to distinguish between the corrupt and the non corrupt acts. Let us see an example for this: If I give a gift to the boss of my office just because it‟s his birthday and during the same time I got promotion for the good works in the office then some people might also consider it as an corrupt act as they think that the gift was a bribe to change the mind of the boss. Actually it‟s not a bribe and neither this is a corrupt act but on the other side it can also be noticed that the gift might have played an important role in influencing the decision of the Boss.


Thus it is really hard to distinguish between corrupt and non corrupt acts and this is the reason why corruption is considered as one of the complex terms. Corruption can be seen everywhere in different forms and is really creating a major problems throughout the world and According to transparency International report 2014 South Asian Region is the most corrupt region in the world.


Different Forms of Corruption are Grand and Petty corruption, Active and Passive corruption, Bribery, Influence peddling, embezzlements, theft and fraud, Extortion, Abuse of Function, Favoritism and Nepotism and improper political contribution.
2This forms are furtherdiscussed in the Chapter 1 of this paper. Among them Bribery and favoritism and Nepotism is the most prevailing corruption in South Asia. During ancient times people of south Asia specially from Nepal and India; People were able to digest some level of nepotism and favoritism but now as it can be seen in every sector and we are now not able to receive your basic needs and rights people are being more concerned in reducing this types of acts from their countries.


Corruption is one of the most emerging issue in south Asian countries and it is creating fear in the mind of people as it is an obstacles for achieving different goals and targets of the south Asian countries. Transparency International report 2014 says that South Asian region is the most corrupt region in the world. 4 out of 7 countries of South Asia score below 50 which means that most of the nations from south Asia is a corrupt nations.


According to the Corruption barometer 2013; The average score of the South Asian countries in 2013 CPI was 30/100 which is lower than any other sub-region in the world. About 66% of the South Asian believes that corruption in this region have increased in last two years and 80% feels that the government‟s action fight against corruption are ineffective. In This paper we will know about the different causes of corruption, its different forms, different factors that affecting corruption in South Asia, it‟s impacts on different important sectors of nations and society and we will also know about the role different national and international organizations are playing in combating corruption in South Asian countries.

 

Objective of the Paper


I have divided the objective of paper in two different areas one is overall objective and the second one is the specific objective. They are discussed below:

Overall Objective

To Identify the level of corruption; factors shaping corruption; impacts of corruption on different sectors of South Asia and role that national and international organization is playing to combat corruption.

Specific Objectives

To identify the causes of corruption in South Asia
To know about the historical, social-cultural, economic and political factors that is responsible for shaping corruption in South Asian region.
To identify impact of corruption on Economy, Politics, Human development and Security of south Asian region. 

 

Rationale/ Justification of the study

Corruption is one of the major problems in the world today. It is not only a issue for itself but it also creates obstacles for the development of people, society and country. It has a direct effect in the poverty reduction. It is hard to reduce poverty until and unless we don‟t reduce corruption. Political stability and Development of nation is also affected by corruption and corrupt acts of people. South Asian countries are not able to reduce poverty as targeted and have a very unstable political situation and it is due to the increasing corruption level in that region. It is necessary for any country to understand the level of corruption in their country and reduce it for the better future of the individual, society and country . Thus study on corruption is important so that many facts about corruption , it‟s status in South Asian countries, Its causes and impacts can be found out and level of corruption will be reduced in the region.

 

Scope of the Study

The study is done on the basis of secondary resources. Informations are used from the internet sources and books found in the library of University of Warsaw. This study is mainly focused in the India and Nepal.



Limitation of the Study

The duration of the study was only around 5 months and thus all the activities of the research had to be done with in that period so there was little bit of pressure in collection
information and preparing reports within given period of time.
The data and information are based on the internet resources and only few on books so information provided are limited to internet sources only.
The research paper on this topic on South Asia was difficult to find and thus I had to go through so many changes in my contents during doing research.
Corruption is something which cannot be measured and is determined by the perception and thus the data and information provided might not be 100 % accurate.

 

Hypothesis

“Corruption has an adverse effect on the life of an individual as it has an adverse effect on the important needs of the people like health, employment opportunity, Education, Human Development and Security” This Hypothesis is tested in this paper and we have tried to find it whether it will be correct or not and from the information from the paper it is found that this hypothesis is correct and corruption has a severe impact on the life of individual .

 

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Last modified on Monday, 18 July 2016 05:51
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